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BREAKING: Confirmed Avian Influenza Case in 3-Year-Old Boy in Takeo Province

Takeo Province, July 6, 2024: A 3-year-old boy from Po Village, Prasat Choan Chum Commune, Kirivong District, Takeo Province, has been confirmed to have contracted H5N1 avian influenza. The diagnosis, made on July 5, 2024, was verified by the National Institutes of Public Health and the Institut Pasteur.

The young patient exhibited symptoms including fever, cough, fatigue, and difficulty breathing. Health officials report that his condition is currently stable and improving under intensive medical care.

Health authorities' initial investigations revealed that approximately ten days before the onset of symptoms, the boy had direct contact with a dead chicken in the village. This contact is believed to be the source of the infection.

In response to the confirmed case, the Ministry of Health has mobilized National and Sub-National Emergency Response Teams. These teams, in collaboration with the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, the Ministry of Environment, and local authorities, are conducting a thorough investigation into the outbreak. Efforts include tracing potential transmission sources, identifying suspected cases, and distributing Tamiflu to those in close contact with the patient. Public health education campaigns are also being implemented in the affected area.

The Ministry of Health urges the public to remain vigilant regarding avian influenza. Individuals experiencing fever, cough, sneezing, or shortness of breath, especially if they have been in contact with sick or dead birds within the past 14 days, should avoid crowded places and seek immediate medical consultation.

Transmission and Preventive Measures:

H5N1 avian influenza, commonly known as bird flu, is primarily transmitted from infected birds to other birds, and occasionally to humans through close contact with sick or dead birds. Human-to-human transmission is rare but can lead to severe illness requiring hospitalization.

Preventive measures recommended by the Ministry of Health include:

- Frequent hand washing with soap and water, particularly before eating and after handling birds.

- Keeping children away from birds.

- Avoiding the consumption of sick or dead birds.

- Ensuring poultry is thoroughly cooked before consumption.

The Ministry of Health will continue to provide updates on public health issues through its official channels, including the Telegram Channel, Facebook page, and the website [www.cdcmoh.gov.kh](http://www.cdcmoh.gov.kh).

For further information, the public can contact the Ministry of Health Hotline at 115.

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